Gerechter Krieg – Gerechter Friede? Gegenwärtige Herausforderungen christlicher Friedensethik
Erschienen: September 2015
Einzelpreis: 15,60 €
weitere Themen: Vom Frieden her denken. Ökumenische Impulse zur friedensethischen Diskussion. – Warum wir das Konzept des gerechten Krieges brauchen. – Drohnen. Die neuen Waffen und das Kriegs- und Völkerrecht
Zu diesem Heft
von: Margot Käßmann
Vom Frieden her denken
Ökumenische Impulse zur friedensethischen Diskussion
von: Konrad Raiser
In the discussion on peace ethics, a shift of awareness is gradually taking place, manifest in the abandonment of the classical idea of »just war« and the increasing acceptance of the guiding principle of »just peace«. This complex process aims at founding ethics on the principle of peace instead of war. This essay traces the argumentation of the most recent statements of the EKD (Evangelical Church in Germany) and the Ecumenical Council of Churches. The reorientation of peace ethics has to cope with the moral dilemma whether or not, in spite of the basic advocacy of non-violence, the deployment of violence to protect threatened human lives is acceptable. This essay makes suggestions for the solution of such a dilemma and addresses some concrete consequences of peace ethics as it attempts to argue from the principle of peace.
Warum wir das Konzept des gerechten Krieges brauchen
Erwägungen aus römisch-katholischer Perspektive
von: Heinz-Günther Stobbe
This contribution first sketches the problem (of why the concept of ›just war‹ is still indispensable) by contrasting two positions representing the pros and cons of the just war doctrine. It also presents some reasons that forbid a seamless continuation of this doctrine. In a second step, the development of catholic doctrine is shown exemplified by three episcopal letters, which argue in favour of the right of self-defense and the criteria of just war as indispensable core values of the tradition and towards an integration of both within the concept of humanitarian intervention. Final considerations supplement this perspective by hinting to the inevitable tension between law and justice as well as legality and legitimacy within the context of the debate on the concept of international Responsibility to Protect.
Am Beginn eines ökumenischen »Pilgerwegs der Gerechtigkeit und des Friedens«
Für eine theologisch begründete, politisch verantwortliche und ökumenisch anschlussfähige Friedensethik – aus der Perspektive der Friedenskirchen
von: Fernando Enns
It seems that peace ethics nowadays faces new challenges because of so-called ›new wars‹, ›asymmetric conflicts‹, ›hybrid warfare‹ and ›failing states‹. Yet political reactions and peaceethical arguments still draw back on old rationales based on the putatively overcome ›just war doctrine‹. Contrary to it, the ecumenical movement has long developed the new conceptual framework of ›just peace‹, which has been continued as the ›pilgrims’ way of peace and justice‹ by the World Council of Churches. – In order to overcome the apparent lack of political alternatives, the present essay assesses this discussion critically from the perspective of Peace Churches and shows new ways towards a peace ethics which is theologically founded, politically reasonable and compatible with ecumenism.
The Present and Future of the Just War Tradition
von: Laurens Hogebrink
In Christian ethics, the 16 centuries old Just War tradition continues to be indispensable as a framework for discussing the moral dilemmas of war and peace and making decisions. It has never been a static ›doctrine‹. From its beginning, new thinking has been required by new threats to peace and security, new political and military developments, and (more recently) new challenges for international law. This remains the case today.
In this context, it is argued that proposals by the World Council of Churches (WCC) and the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD) to substitute the concept of Just War by the concept of Just Peace have been intellectually and ethically confusing. And calling the Just War tradition ›obsolete‹ has been a serious mistake. It will be very unfortunate if, as a result, the opportunity is missed to further develop the Just War tradition using some of the quite valuable elements of the Just Peace concept.
Die neuen Waffen und das Kriegs- und Völkerrecht
von: Antje Vollmer
Als Pfarrer im Militäreinsatz in Afghanistan
Ein Erlebnisbericht vor dem Hintergrund der »Friedensdenkschrift« der EKD
von: Friedrich von Kymmel