Kirchenreformen im Vergleich
Erschienen: April 2013
Einzelpreis: 15,60 €
Aus der Praxis kirchlicher Rückbauprozesse - Der Reformdiskurs als Antwort auf das Indifferenzproblem - Von der Gemeinschaft zur Organisation - Reformprozesse in der Evangelischmethodistischen Kirche - Reformbemühungen im Bund Freier ev. Gemeinden - Reformen in der katholischen Kirche - Kirchenkurs und Kirchenreform in der Kath. Kirche - Kirchliche Reformbemühungen in soziologischer Perspektive
Kirchenreformen im Vergleich
Ein praktisch-theologisches und religionssoziologisches Forschungsprojekt
von: Karl Gabriel und Isolde Karle
Hauptartikel: Kirchenreformen im Vergleich
Aus der Praxis kirchlicher Rückbauprozesse
Dimensionen – Themen – Perspektiven
von: Christoph Meyns
Abstract: This article describes the downturn of parochial work that has been observed within the past twenty years. Taking the North Elbian Evangelical Lutheran Church as an example, it reveals the extent of cutbacks and the structural changes as well as the redefinition of tasks and aims that comes alongside with this retreat. A second part describes the topics and emotional dynamics that are involved in this process – partly below threshold. It focuses on the loss of meaning that people experience in the course of organisational changes and on the frame that is set to any ecclesiastical action by German laws regulating the relationship between church and state. Finally, perspectives evolving from this analysis are revealed. The author demonstrates the inefficacy of micro-economically informed thought and language and encourages a realistic self-perception of the church.
Der Reformdiskurs als Antwort auf das Indifferenzproblem
von: Henriette Rösch
Abstract: This analysis sheds light on the recent reform discussion within the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD) from the perspective of a theory of secularization. It describes the strategies and ways of self-description of the EKD in reaction to the changing relation of its social environment to religion as such, which proves problematic to the church. Central to the description of these changes is the term of »indifference« – indifference of the secular environment towards both the meaning offered by religion and towards its functionality. The article aims at presenting various mechanisms and the semantics of this reform discourse as part of the solution to the problem of indifference. Doing so, it also revises the mutual compatibility
of reform efforts.
Von der Gemeinschaft zur Organisation
Transformationen kirchlicher Sozialgestalt im Kontext der gegenwärtigen Restrukturierungsprozesse
von: Jens Schlamelcher
Abstract: This article analyzes the effects of increasing budgetary shortfalls on the social profile of the church. A shift from a self-perception of the church as a community of believers to a selfconcept as an organization of faith is discernible both on the level of church leadership and on the parochial level.
Reformprozesse in der Evangelisch-methodistischen Kirche
von: Holger Eschmann
Abstract: This study shows to which degree the reform processes within the United Methodist Church in Germany are determined by their ecclesiological and structural characteristics. The so-called process of regionalisation within the Southern German Annual Conference had been initiated by the church board to reduce the employment costs by forming regional alliances. It is taken as an example to illustrate the need of dovetailing this reform program with the pastoral work in the local parishes in a dialogical process in order to prevent the diverse reform measures from mutually blockading and neutralizing.
Reformbemühungen im Bund Freier evangelischer Gemeinden
Beobachtungen aus der Praxis eines freikirchlichen Gemeindebundes
von: Ansgar Hörsting
Abstract: The Federation of Free Evangelical Churches (Bund Freier evangelischer Gemeinden) has been constantly growing for years. The community is undergoing permanent changes due to its congregational constitution and steadily increasing membership. This report about the practice of a federation of free churches illustrates that the Federation of Free Evangelical
Churches as a spiritual community of autonomous local parishes offers good conditions to allow existing needs for change and to shape transformation processes jointly. Reform measures may equally be initiated by the single parishes and the federal management. They may unfold in cooperative and consentient processes on the federal level without affecting the autonomy of local parishes. In order to illustrate this observation, the article features some objectives and present reform measures of the Federation of Free Evangelical Churches.
Reformen in der katholischen Kirche im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert
von: Wilhelm Damberg
Abstract: This essay is reflecting on the present structural reform of the Catholic Church within the long run of episodes of change in the 19th and 20th centuries. A first chapter focuses on the ultramontanist movement. The second part describes the wave of reform that developed within the German Catholic Church after 1945, reached its climax during the time of the Second Vatican Council and continues to have an impact until today. In a third step, the outcome is situated within the European context. Finally a hypothetical perspective on the risks of the present modernization processes is given.
Kirchenkurs und Kirchenreform in der Katholischen Kirche
von: Michael N. Ebertz
Abstract: This contribution asks for the general direction of ecclesiastical developments against the background of the ongoing crisis of the Catholic Church. The answer is not simple but multifaceted, as, ideally, there are five different options for future church development: The option of institutional stabilization, the fundamentalist option, the option of pragmatic self-regulation, the option of elitist minorisation and the option of re-learning. Although this last option was favored by the Vatican Council and is supported by sociologists of religion – from Helmut Schelsky to Leo Laeyendecker –, for a whole complex of reasons it obviously does not come to bear at the moment.
Kirchliche Reformbemühungen in soziologischer Perspektive
Die evangelischen Kirchen, die katholische Kirche und evangelische freie Gemeindebünde in Deutschland im Vergleich
von: Franz-Xaver Kaufmann und Detlef Pollack
Abstract: Implementing a select set of criteria, this article compares the reform efforts within the regional member churches of the Evangelical Church in Germany (EKD), the German Catholic Church and the Federation of Free Evangelical Churches in Germany. It includes the interpretation of the ecclesiastical situation, which is in all cases considered in need of reform, as
well as the reform targets, the instruments employed, the agents of the reform processes and the assessment of their possible success. Financial shortages constitute the starting point of all reform efforts found in the communities and churches under examination.