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Kirchen unter Druck. Kirchliche Reformprozesse in vergleichender Analyse

Evangelische Theologie
Heft 01/2016
76. Jahrgang

Erschienen: Januar 2016
ISSN: 0014-3502
Einzelpreis: 15,60 €


weitere Themen:

Die Öffnung der Kirche in die Gesellschaft hinein.
Reformprozesse in der evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland

Reform »auf katholisch«. Kirchliche Reformprozesse in deutschen Diözesen

Problemlagen und Maßnahmen der Mitgliederbindung in deutschen Minderheitskirchen – Ein Vergleich

Unorthodoxe Beobachtungen zu ausgeschlossenen Alternativen im Management von Kirchenreformprozessen

Irritierte Kirchen. Eine vergleichende Analyse der Reformprozesse


Inhalt

Impressum

Seite 0

Inhaltsverzeichnis / Autoren

Seite 0

Zu diesem Heft

von: Isolde Karle

Seite 3 - 6

Hauptartikel

Die Öffnung der Kirche in die Gesellschaft hinein

Reformprozesse in der evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland
von: Stefanie Brauer-Noss

This contribution analyzes the reform processes taking place in the regional churches of North Elbia, Middle Germany and Württemberg since the beginning of the 1990s. Evidence is based on interviews that have been conducted with church leaders in the individual regional churches. The essay sketches the different starting position of the regional churches as well as the striking similarities of the various reform processes. These common features are named in five theses: among them are the triggers of the processes, the shift of goals, the role of the media, the nature of the reforms and the areas of tension during the interviews. The final part interprets the results.
Seite 7 - 20

Reform »auf katholisch«

Kirchliche Reformprozesse in deutschen Diözesen
von: Stefan Leibold

This contribution studies the reform processes in the Catholic dioceses of Magdeburg, Essen, and Bamberg. It first sketches the administrative measures and the character of the reform processes within the individual dioceses, then it compares the processes along different criteria: These are the definition of the situation, the general attitude towards reform, the character of the reform process, the direction of organization, the guiding principles, the mentality of the parishes, the triggers for the structural reforms, and the influence of external consultation. The essay is concluded by first interpretations of the process relating to the performance benchmarks set by the agents of the reforms, the influence of various agents, the handling of unsolvable problems, and factors defining the character of the reform processes.
Seite 21 - 33

Problemlagen und Maßnahmen der Mitgliederbindung in deutschen Minderheitskirchen – Ein Vergleich

von: Dennis Kuhl

This essay compares the problems and administrative measures to attain member commitment within two growing and two decreasing minority churches each, using the examples of the Federation of Free Evangelical Churches (Bund Freier evangelischer Gemeinden) and the Federation of Pentecostal Churches (Bund Freikirchlicher Pfingstgemeinden) in Germany on the one hand, and the New Apostolic Church (Neuapostolische Kirche) and the Methodist Church in Germany (Evangelisch-methodistische Kirche) on the other. It starts with the observation that even the churches which seem comparable regarding their membership development are different from each other as regards their interpretations of the situation, goals and means of membership commitment. It then looks at the enabling and restrictive conditions of administrative action of the churches.
Seite 34 - 49

Unorthodoxe Beobachtungen zu ausgeschlossenen Alternativen im Management von Kirchenreformprozessen

von: Günter Thomas

The essay is scrutinizing seven exemplary possibilities which were widely excluded in the so called reform process. First it raises questions regarding the focus on demographics, in other words, the biological reproduction of the protestant faith community. Second, it is analyzing the specific ›inflation of relevance‹ resulting from the concentration on specific functionally differentiated and rather independent organizations beyond the parishes (»Werke und Dienste«). After short remarks on tendencies in favor of church mediatization, the essay turns to the problem of religious justifications of decision-making in religious organizations. The fifth issue taken up concerns the (avoided) debate about the leading organizational model of the church, in particular on the level of the regional church. The sixth problem the text is drawing attention to is the role of religious language and images in a religious organization, and in particular in the discourse of their top management. The essay ends the with the observation that most agents in the reform process attribute the need for reform to forces and factors external to the protestant churches and their theologies, thereby excluding a thorough self-criticism of their past organizational decisions and theological orientations.
Seite 50 - 57

Irritierte Kirchen

Eine vergleichende Analyse der Reformprozesse
von: Karl Gabriel/Isolde Karle/Detlef Pollack

The authors of this article were responsible for the interdisciplinary research project on »church reforms in comparison« and are presenting here a final analysis of the reform processes in various churches and community associations. They summarize the results of the study in comparative perspective. The points of comparison chosen here prove productive and show striking parallels as well as significant differences as regards the handling of irritations and crises by the leading agents and committees. Altogether, the churches justify the necessity of reforms primarily with financial problems, while other indicators of crisis take the back seat. This corresponds to the observation that theology does not have any central function for the self-control of the church. All churches pursue rather an opening than a closing strategy as against their social environment.
Seite 58 - 67

Zur Situation

Irritierte Gemeinschaft

Ökumenehermeneutische Implikationen der Homosexualitätsdiskussion im Lutherischen Weltbund
von: Bernd Oberdorfer

Seite 68 - 78