Opfer – Sühne – Vergebung
Erschienen: April 2016
Einzelpreis: 15,99 €
weitere Themen: »Gestorben für uns«. Kritik eines kirchlichen Grundlagentextes – Sühne für Gottes Zumutungen? Zu einer neueren Diskussion um den Opfertod Jesu – Wie predigen wir dem »akademischen« Menschen? Einsichten und bleibende Anfragen der liberalen Theologie.
Zu diesem Heft
von: Bernd Oberdorfer
»Gestorben für uns«
Kritik eines kirchlichen Grundlagentextes
von: Gerd Theißen
In the EKD foundational paper »Gestorben für uns«, the much-debated doctrine of Christ’s vicarious atoning death is interpreted in terms of trinity: In his death, God sacrifices himself for our sake. He is not cruel when having his son killed. Despite many good thoughts, this foundational paper is a failure: Neither does it apply a hermeneutics of mythic images nor reveal any acquaintance with the demythologization debate. It does obviously not take into account that the recently increasing rejection of death penalty makes it hard for many people to understand an execution as basis of salvation. The paper does neither take notice of the plethora of New Testament images that explain Jesus’s death nor of its interpretation as scandal, although it might be well understood this way in a modern culture of breaking taboos. As a reader, one misses a lot of theological traditions interpreting the cross not ›from above‹ but rather ›from below‹, from P. Abaelard’s doctrine of subjective reconciliation and mysticism of passion to D. Sölle’s theology of substitution and René Girard’s ›scapegoat theory‹. Even the Holy Spirit does not play any role, despite the Trinitarian approach of the paper. J. Moltmann’s theologia crucis, which interprets the cross as motivation for a change of the world in ways of justice, peace and the preservation of creation and which escapes some of the criticized imbalances, is not even mentioned. To avoid being too critical, the author finally sketches his own attempt at taking the cross as revelation of human mischief seriously and considering the Easter message as turn towards salvation.
Sühne für Gottes Zumutungen?
Zu einer neueren Diskussion um den Opfertod Jesu
von: Matthias Zeindler
In some recent publications, the Catholic theologians Magnus Striet and Ottmar Fuchs have proposed a new interpretation of the cross of Jesus: On the cross, God’s son atones for God’s own guilt, namely the negative sides of his creation. After an outline of the positions, the article demonstrates the merits of Striet’s and Fuchs’s treatment of some difficult questions of the doctrines of God and creation as well as eschatology, but some critical questions concerning their concepts of sin, omnipotence, and judgment are in order. This renders their interpretation of the cross deficient especially as regards the theology of the cross itself.
»… wie auch wir vergeben unseren Schuldigern …«?
Zu einer theologischen Lehre von der Vergebung
von: Heike Springhart
This contribution explores the question of forgiveness starting with the difficulty to forgive. It shows the impertinence of the connection between human and divine forgiveness, formulated exemplarily in the Lord’s Prayer. Discussing the ecumenical theological concepts, the article traces three basic constellations: (a) In his forgiveness, God makes himself dependent on the willingness of the victims to forgive and commits himself to it. (b) God forgives humans without their cooperation, by mercy alone. From the perspective of justification, any human cooperation in God’s saving action is to be questioned. (c) It is God who is the addressee of the supplication for forgiveness both between God and humans and among humans. Thus a space is provided for the limits of human forgiveness that accounts for both God’s mercy and his justice.
Einheit im Geist?
Anfragen an die ekklesiologischen Entwürfe von Tillich und Pannenberg
von: Rebekka A. Klein
The term ›community‹ has become the epitome of a threat to any difference or otherness in human social life. In contrast to this, more recent philosophies of community, such as those by Nancy, Agamben, or Esposito, try to conceive a new spirit of community. They posit the possibility of thinking and practicing community beyond a logic of identity and exclusion. In the framework of this social-philosophical debate, this article explores Paul Tillich’s and Wolfhart Pannenberg’s ecclesiological concepts.
Wie predigen wir dem »akademischen« Menschen?
Einsichten und bleibende Anfragen der liberalen Theologie
von: Ruth Conrad
The question of how to preach to the ›academic individual‹ focuses on a very specific audience of the sermon: the academic upper middle-class. Which religious and practical attitudes characterize this target group? Which points of contact thus emerge for the sermon? To answer this question, two different theological concepts of liberal theology are compared to each other: First the empirically founded perspective of advocates of the so-called modern sermon, esp. Friedrich Niebergall, and second the integration of the homiletic question into a concept of modernity based on Protestant theory, as promoted by Heinrich Bassermann. The first part reconstructs how the academically educated individual is described in these concepts, the second delineates the consequences for the intention and process of preaching. Finally the insights and differences are applied to present constellations.
Kirche und Theologie als Moralagenturen der Gesellschaft
Acht Thesen zur Rolle der Moral in öffentlichen kirchlichen Stellungnahmen zu ethischen Fragen
von: Johannes Fischer