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Die 5. Kirchenmitgliedschaftsuntersuchung – Analysen und Konsequenzen

Evangelische Theologie
Heft 03/2015
75. Jahrgang

Erschienen: Juni 2015
ISSN: 0014-3502
Einzelpreis: 15,60 €


weitere Themen: »Öffentliches Christentum«, Haltungen und Prägungen im Verhältnis zu Kirche und Religion, Zur Differenz und zum Zusammenhang von
Kirchlichkeit und Religiosität, Der Pfarrer/die Pfarrerin als Schlüsselfigur:
Kontinuitäten und Diskontinuitäten

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Zu diesem Heft

von: Isolde Karle

Seite 163 - 165

Hauptartikel

»Öffentliches Christentum«

Eine unterschätzte Dimension christlicher Präsenz im Kontext der Kirchenmitgliedschaftsuntersuchungen.
von: Traugott Jähnichen

The present debates about consequences from the 5th survey on church membership overemphasize the dimension of ecclesiastical and – to a lesser degree – individual christianity.
The importance of Christendom’s public effects on culture, however, is barely being considered in the discussion, which is in significant contrast to its empirically measurable relevance.
This contribution argues for an adequate consideration of public Christianity as reflected in approaches of Public Theology, especially as regards the religious dimension of culture and the ethical orientation of society.
Seite 166 - 178

Im Schatten des Indifferenztheorems.

Die Wahrnehmung distanzierter Kirchlichkeit durch die fünfte EKD-Erhebung über Kirchenmitgliedschaft
von: Gerald Kretzschmar

In the past, exploration of distant forms of church affiliation was a central part of the church membership research of the EKD (Evangelical Church in Germany). Yet the prepublication issue of the present 5th church membership survey of the EKD (further: »KMU V«) does not explicitly mention the topic of distant church membership. This essay starts from the assumption that distant forms of church affiliation typical for modernity have not yet been sufficiently investigated. Based on a rereading of the prepublication, this contribution hence presents implicit observations of the KMU V on the issue of distant church affiliation. To improve the actual perception of modern forms of church affiliation such as distant church affiliation in the course of future evaluations and interpretations of the KMU V data, this essay proposes the abandonment of the theorem of indifference as a central interpretation category of the KMU V. From an empirical perspective, categories of perception and interpretation which understand the interviewed as self-confident agents regarding church affiliation will instead prove more effective.
Seite 179 - 194

Haltungen und Prägungen im Verhältnis zu Kirche und Religion.

Zu Chancen und Grenzen hergebrachter Begrifflichkeiten und Kategorien vor dem Hintergrund der V. Kirchenmitgliedschaftsumfrage
von: Michael Domsgen

In Germany, churchliness has institutional traits and is intensely interwoven with traditional elements and lasting values. Yet this profile is less and less supported by the changing social framework. Churchliness stands for a demarcated set of approaches to life and lifestyles that many people no longer connect to existentially. The relationship of family and church exemplifies this: Church communication goes along with a habitus that excludes many families right from the start. Against this background, a view on religious positions and practices beyond ecclesiastical affiliation can be of some interest, as they show points of departure that can easily be overlooked when perceived in conventional terms and categories. The challenge is to correlate these forms of religious communication with the communication of the Gospel.
Seite 195 - 201

Selbst- und Fremdzuschreibung – religiöse und religionssoziologische Ambiguitäten der 5. Kirchenmitgliedschaftsuntersuchung der EKD

von: Georg Raatz

The thesis promoted in some contributions as well as in the title, preface and introduction of the KMU V, namely that distance to the church and lack of affiliation with a denomination would correlate with religious indifference, is above all based on the question of the religious self-perception of church members and non-denominational people. However, findings from the areas of sociology of knowledge, identity theory and methodology as well as further survey results of the KMU V and its predecessors corroborate the assumption that weak church affiliation and lack of denominational attachment are not necessarily associated with increasing irreligion. External religio-sociological ascriptions may well and legitimately contradict religious self-perceptions.
Seite 202 - 214

Zur Differenz und zum Zusammenhang von Kirchlichkeit und Religiosität

von: Detlef Pollack

Starting with an enquiry into the theories of secularisation and religious individualisation, this essay analyses the differences and connectedness between individual religiosity and church affiliation on the basis of the 5th survey of the EKD (Evangelical Church in Germany) on church membership. Church membership and church attendance are counted as indicators of church affiliation. Religiousness is assessed in terms of individual prayer, belief in God and a higher power, the experience of contact with God or a spiritual power, mystical experience of being one with the universe, astrology, faith in the influence of crystals and stones, communication about religious topics and the meaning of life, and the rather vague question whether one is a seeker of religious meaning. The essay concludes that church affiliation strongly correlates with religiousness, but both are not identical.
Seite 215 - 226

Der Pfarrer/die Pfarrerin als Schlüsselfigur: Kontinuitäten und Diskontinuitäten.

von: Isolde Karle

The 5th survey on church membership of the EKD (KMU V) considers church membership as social practice characterized by the communication of attendees. E. g., church affiliation directly depends on the frequency of interaction with the pastor; yet not only personal contact but also the perception of the pastor from a distance has significant binding effects. Thus the public role of the pastor in church and occasional services take center stage. Because the church members as self-confident agents expect higher standards of the quality of church services, professionalism and theological competence are basic requirements for church activities. Pastors thus prove as key figures of the church. The final part of the essay discusses the implications for the self-perception of the protestant church as a church based on the priesthood of all believers.
Seite 227 - 238